The official blog of the Lung Institute.
Bronchitis is a lung condition that occurs when the bronchial tubes, or air passages, become inflamed as a result of an infection or irritation. When irritation or an infection manifests in the lungs, the mucus linings within the lungs become inflamed, triggering the airway linings to leak fluids into the lungs to combat the inflammation. Since coughing is the body’s natural way of clearing the lung’s air passages, many people with bronchitis experience a constant wet and painful cough.
There are two different types of bronchitis: short-lived (acute) or reoccurring (chronic). Treatment will largely depend on the type of bronchitis a person has, so it is important for the patient to be accurately diagnosed by his or her doctor before seeking treatment. Acute bronchitis is a condition that comes on rather quickly, typically following a cold or upper respiratory infection. The cough can last for several weeks and will generally be either wet (mucus-based) or dry. With acute bronchitis, the cough will go away on its own as the lungs regain strength.
Chronic bronchitis is considered a cough that lasts for two years in a row with coughing episodes that last at least three months at a time. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term health condition and generally will need ongoing treatment to manage it. This condition is exacerbated by smoking, exposure to second-hand smoke, dust and air pollution.
Some of the most common symptoms associated with both forms of bronchitis include cough, wheezing, chest discomfort, excess mucus production and flu-like symptoms such as fever and chills. For the treatment of acute bronchitis, many doctors will simply recommend getting an adequate amount of rest and increasing fluid intake. However, sometimes doctors may prescribe medications for the treatment of acute bronchitis. Treatment for chronic bronchitis can include the following:
- Medication aimed at minimizing mucus production and opening the airways, such as bronchodilators or steroids
- Oxygen therapy
- The use of a humidifier to help loosen mucus and open the airways
- Medication aimed at relieving the cough and inflamed airways
- Stem cell therapy
Stem cell therapy is one of the newer treatment options available for people with chronic bronchitis. If you are interested in exploring more treatment options for your chronic bronchitis, contact the experts at the Lung Institute today at (800) 729-3065. As the world’s only stem cell clinic that solely focuses on lung disease, we offer groundbreaking stem cell therapy options to safely treat chronic bronchitis and other conditions that contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).