The official blog of the Lung Institute.

History of Cigarette Composition

24 Sep 2015
| Under Smoking | Posted by | 6 Comments
History of Cigarette Composition

History of Cigarette Composition

The look is instantly recognizable – a small white stick with a brown base filled with crushed brown leaves. Fifty years ago you would have seen your coworkers light one up as they continued to punch the keys of their typewriters, filing reports. Fast forward to today and a few coworkers are lighting up outside or sucking on electronic cigarettes before returning to work. The number of people who smoke and where they do it may have changed, but in many ways cigarette composition has stayed the same.

Cigarettes in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries

In 1880 James Buchanan Duke, the man responsible for the cigarette boom of the 20th century, entered what was then a niche market of selling ready-rolled cigarettes. Prior to that point, most people preferred to smoke tobacco in pipes, cigars or by hand-rolling their own cigarettes.

Two years later, Duke teamed up with mechanic James Bonsack, who would go on to build a machine that could automatically neatly roll and cut premade cigarettes. This machine, later called the Bonsack Machine, could produce 120,000 cigarettes a day versus the 200 cigarettes made by the factory girls of the time. To keep the cigarettes from drying out, glycerin, sugar, molasses and other chemicals were added.

This mass production led to increased availability and popularity of cigarettes over other forms of smoking during the 20th century.

Parts of a Cigarette

The parts that make up a cigarette have gone largely unchanged over the years. A cigarette is made up of various components, typically: a white paper tube that holds shredded tobacco leaves, tobacco-by products and other additives; the foot, the end of the cigarette that you put in your mouth; and the filter. The filter, however, wasn’t added until the middle of the 20th century.

By the early 1950s, scientific evidence started to mount linking cigarettes as a cause of major respiratory diseases, such as emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cigarette companies started to combat this problem by focusing its efforts on selling filtered cigarettes designed to reduce tar and nicotine yields. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, before 1950, 0.6 percent of cigarettes were filtered. By 1960, 51 percent of cigarettes had filters. As of 2005, 99 percent of cigarettes had filters.

Contrary to popular belief at their inception, these filters did little to help curve the harmful effects of cigarette smoke. According to the American Lung Association, today there are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarette tobacco, causing more than 7,000 chemicals when burned. Some of the chemicals in cigarette smoke include ammonia (found in household cleaners), carbon monoxide (released in car exhaust fumes), and formaldehyde (aka embalming fluid).

The Rise of the E-Cigarette

As traditional cigarettes have seen a fall in popularity in the US since 1965, alternative forms of smoking have gained popularity. Since the early 2000s, electronic cigarettes, also called e-cigarettes or e-cigs, have become increasingly popular. E-cigs are battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine with flavoring in vapor form instead of smoke.

E-cigs consist of three components including a cartridge that holds the liquid solution that gets vaporized (or “vaped”), a vaporizer heating unit and a battery. The e-cig design varies by model with some having resembling a classic cigarette.
There is insufficient information available to determine whether e-cigs are safer than traditional cigarettes. Some studies suggest that while e-cig vapor is safer than smoke, some e-cig flavors might cause lung stress.

Smoking is the number one preventable cause of death in the world, and millions of people quit smoking annually. When you quit smoking, your lungs slowly recover. Sticking to a plan will yield greater benefits after you quit. If you or a loved one suffers from a smoking-related lung disease and want to learn more about treatment options, contact the Lung Institute online, or call (800) 729-3065.


  1. Matt Reinstetle

    2 years ago

    Hello Sherry,
    If you think you are a candidate for Cell Therapy, please contact one of our patient coordinators at (855) 313-1149 for more information based on your condition.

  2. sherry a

    2 years ago

    Can you get information, to put me on list for this, and references for provider for, surgery, also, transplant.
    Thank you

  3. Matt Reinstetle

    2 years ago

    Hello Nick, thanks for your message. Please contact our patient coordinators at (855) 313-1149 and they’ll be more than happy to answer any and all questions you may have about adipose stem cells. – Matt

  4. Matt Reinstetle

    2 years ago

    Hello David, thank you for your question. Our stem cell treatments are not transplants because the stem cells we use come from the patient’s body. There is no cure for COPD, but our research has found that our treatments greatly improve COPD symptoms. – Matt

  5. Nick

    2 years ago

    Are these adipose stem cells FDA approved?

  6. David

    2 years ago

    Can stem cell transplant care COPD or emphysema?

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* All treatments performed at Lung Institute utilize autologous stem cells, meaning those derived from a patient's own body. No fetal or embryonic stem cells are utilized in Lung Institute's procedures. Lung Institute aims to improve patients' quality of life and help them breathe easier through the use of autologous stem cell therapy. To learn more about how stem cells work for lung disease, click here.

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