The official blog of the Lung Institute.

COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me?

22 Mar 2017
| Under COPD, Lung Disease, Medical | Posted by | 7 Comments
COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me?

The new COPD Treatment Guidelines are out. Here’s how to make sense of them.

When it comes to living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), it’s important to understand your disease, how it developed as well as your current stage or status to determine what a healthy treatment regimen should look like. Although we’ve spoken on COPD stages and what to do about them before, if you suffer from COPD, understanding the GOLD COPD treatment guidelines is vital.

So, what are they?

In short, the COPD treatment guidelines are, as their name suggests, a comprehensive document for doctors and patients to guide them in determining an appropriate treatment plan. These types of guidelines are vital for a patient particularly as they can give you a broader idea of your current state of health and the best options available for you.

With your health in mind, the Lung Institute is here to outline and break down the GOLD’s COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me?

What Are the COPD Treatment Guidelines?

COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me?

To give a brief overview of what the COPD treatment guidelines are, it’s important to understand just what the GOLD is. The Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) is an international collaboration of doctors and COPD experts that convene every few years or so to discuss the state of current medicine for the treatment of the disease. In these meetings, they will go over current pharmaceuticals, non-pharmacologic treatment options (lung transplants or supplemental oxygen for example) and which among the methods available are the best for treating COPD.

So, on the topic of occasional updates, the GOLD recently put out a 2017 edition to their COPD treatment guidelines. Here’s what you need to know:

Recent Updates and Facts to Know

As the GOLD meets every few years or so, there are often important advancements underway within the field of COPD treatment that cause certain aspects of the guidelines to be revised. Given that the GOLD members are comprised of doctors and other COPD experts, the way in which these revisions and updates are written tend to be in the form of prescribed advice to both doctors and patients.

Among the most notable updates are:

ABCD Rating System

A refinement of the guideline’s ABCD rating system. This rating system is, as it sounds, a ranking using letters of a patient’s COPD severity with A being the highest (best health) and D being the lowest (worst health). In the past, this system covered spirometry, but this metric has since been removed to focus on other quality of life concerns such as symptom expression and risk of exacerbations to determine the appropriate pharmacologic treatment suggestion. In this recent revision, although the authors push forth the assertion that spirometry is important to disease diagnosis and prognosis, this information is irrelevant to the prescribing of traditional inhaler-based medication.

The ABCD COPD GOLD rating system appears as follows:

  • A Grade COPD GOLD: Any bronchodilator (short or long acting), titrating or switching to another as appropriate.
  • B Grade COPD GOLD: A long acting bronchodilator (LAMA* or LABA*), and both types if symptoms persist with one drug.
  • C Grade COPD GOLD: A long acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), switching to LAMA + LABA or to LABA + ICS* if further exacerbations occur.
  • D Grade COPD GOLD: More complicated, requires individual management, often drugs, consideration of roflumilast and azithromycin in select patients.

*LAMA= Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonist

*LABA= Long-Acting Beta-Agonist

*ICS= Inhaled Corticosteroid

Recommended Treatment Options

Among the recommended treatment options set forth by the GOLD, long-acting bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids and oral phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor were suggested. Although we’ve discussed the side effects and issues that are inherent with long-term inhaler use, the use of a combination inhaler such as a long-acting beta-agonist, or a long-acting muscarinic antagonist can be helpful in slowing the progression of COPD development and reducing your symptom expression.

Suggested Oxygen-Use

Currently, within the state of COPD treatment, supplemental oxygen has often been prescribed to patients with stable COPD. However, the problem with this over-prescription, for those who had a stable condition, was that statistically the supplemental oxygen wasn’t improving their condition or quality of life. In this discovery, the GOLD committee has now revised their literature to recommend that supplemental oxygen only be prescribed for those with severe resting hypoxemia (low blood oxygen).

Non-Pharmaceutical Treatment Options

Aside from traditional treatment options such as inhalers and medication, the GOLD committee also went forth to revise their suggestions for non-pharmaceutical treatment options, including:

  • Pulmonary rehabilitation (recommended for patients with severe symptoms or frequent exacerbations)
  • Exercise (for all patients)
  • Vaccination against the flu (all patients) and pneumococcus (all COPD patients older than 65 or with cardiopulmonary disease)
  • Daily oral opioids for severe COPD symptoms refractory to medical therapy
  • Palliative care

What Does This Mean for Me?

COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me?

Although the GOLD committee has historically focused on pharmaceutical-based treatment options, there are a variety of traditional and emerging treatment options available to the average patient. In this sense, it is an exciting time for the medical field and their ability to treat COPD using a variety of continually tested and applied methods. In the case for stem cell therapy, the field has grown exponentially in recent years as an emerging treatment option, often allowing a more significant reduction of symptom expression and has the potential to reduce disease progression in comparison to—at times—ineffective medications and inhalers.

The GOLD COPD treatment guidelines should be understood and realized to affect the best treatment plan. However, non-pharmaceutical-based treatment options such as natural supplements, exercise and a healthy COPD diet should not be neglected.

So, What’s Next?

COPD Treatment guidelines can be critical in planning and executing an appropriate treatment regimen. However, to address the progressive symptoms of lung disease at the source, the first step in this process is to quit smoking. The second is to address your lifestyle through simple diet and exercise changes. With these behavioral changes, it’s possible to greatly affect the pronouncement of symptoms within those with COPD, pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. However, when lifestyle changes fail to improve your quality of life in the way that you may expect, it may be time to consider stem cell therapy. Rather than addressing the symptoms of lung disease, stem cell therapy may directly affect disease progression and may improve quality of life.

If you or a loved one suffers from a chronic lung disease like COPD, PF or ILD, the Lung Institute may be able to help with a variety of adult stem cell treatment options. Contact us today at (800) 729-3065 to see if you qualify for stem cell therapy, and find out what stem cell therapy could mean for you.

Interested in our article on COPD Treatment Guidelines: What Do They Mean for Me? Share your thoughts and comments below.


  1. Phoebe

    9 months ago

    Dear Madan,

    Thanks for your comment. We’re glad you found our article helpful. Keep checking-in with our blog for more articles on a variety of topics to help people with chronic lung diseases breathe easier.

    Best Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  2. madan gupta

    9 months ago

    very nice article for my wife paient copd;. really appreciate

  3. Matt

    10 months ago

    Hello Cathy,
    Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, insurance does not cover our treatment at this time. It usually takes several years before insurance companies begin covering newer medical treatments, once they’ve seen a financial benefit in their favor first. Click here to learn more about this topic. If you have any specific questions, please give us a call at (855) 313-1149. That way one of our staff members can go over your questions in greater detail. Thanks again and have a great day.

  4. Cathy True

    10 months ago

    If stem cell treatmentS really work why Isn’t it covered by insurance? You have mentioned several medicines,none of them have ever been prescribed for me. I have a great pulmonary physician that keeps up to date on everything.I have had copd for 4 years. Are the New treatments shared with physicians?

  5. Phoebe

    10 months ago

    Dear Frank,

    Thanks for your comments. No, this article was not meant to be a marketing piece for the Lung Institute. At the Lung Institute, we write articles on a variety of topics to help people with chronic lung diseases find new information, become more educated about their conditions and learn tips that may improve their quality of life. Our articles cover topics such as medications, treatment options, tips and techniques, new advancements in chronic lung disease research and more. We hope you continue to check-in with our blog to read more of our articles in the future.

    Best Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  6. Frank Keough

    10 months ago

    another comment in the form of a question (I already did this routine once.) Part two of my comment.

    Was this, in any way, directly or indirectly meant to be a marketing piece for the “lung institute” itself? I was not expecting a marketing piece, and I was looking for more informative detail in layman’s language since I am not a clinician in any specialty.

  7. Frank Keough

    10 months ago

    I found the article to be over-rated. To me, a cope patient with emphysema, it was less that what one might read in a rushed newspaper article (short and lacking in detail and meaningful information/assistance/and especially useful education. Sorry to spoil the fun. I was hoping for something that would really tell me something new and/or useful.

    I am going to go back over the entire article again and see if some of the print offerings might be more useful. If it looks good, it will be printed out.

Your Comment

Your email address will not be published.

* All treatments performed at Lung Institute utilize autologous stem cells, meaning those derived from a patient's own body. No fetal or embryonic stem cells are utilized in Lung Institute's procedures. Lung Institute aims to improve patients' quality of life and help them breathe easier through the use of autologous stem cell therapy. To learn more about how stem cells work for lung disease, click here.

All claims made regarding the efficacy of Lung Institute's treatments as they pertain to pulmonary conditions are based solely on anecdotal support collected by Lung Institute. Individual conditions, treatment and outcomes may vary and are not necessarily indicative of future results. Testimonial participation is voluntary. Lung Institute does not pay for or script patient testimonials.

Under current FDA guidelines and regulations 1271.10 and 1271.15, the Lung Institute complies with all necessary requirements for operation. The Lung Institute is firmly in accordance with the conditions set by the FDA for exemption status and conducts itself in full accordance with current guidelines. Any individual who accesses Lung Institute's website for information is encouraged to speak with his or her primary physician for treatment suggestions and conclusive evidence. All information on this site should be used for educational and informational use only.

As required by Texas state law, the Lung Institute Dallas Clinic has received Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval from MaGil IRB, now Chesapeake IRB, which is fully accredited by the Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Program (AAHRPP), for research protocols and stem cell procedures. The Lung Institute has implemented these IRB approved standards at all of its clinics nationwide. Approval indicates that we follow rigorous standards for ethics, quality, and protections for human research.