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Stage 3 COPD: Severe Stage COPD and You

7 Apr 2017
| Under COPD, Disease Education, Medical | Posted by | 13 Comments
Stage 3 COPD: Severe Stage COPD and You

As you know, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects everyone differently and at varying rates of progression. Stage 1 COPD or mild stage COPD is categorized by a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of about 80 percent or more of normal lung capacity based on the GOLD System, and stage 2 COPD is categorized with a FEV1 between 50 and 80 percent of normal lung capacity. In fact, there are four total COPD stages. After learning about COPD prognosis and life expectancy, stage 1 and stage 2 COPD, it’s time to take a closer look at stage 3 COPD.

Determining Stage 3 COPD

The COPD stages range from mild to very severe. At this point, you’ve probably had lung function testing, such as pulmonary function tests, spirometry and exercise tolerance testing. Your doctor will perform these types of tests, take a detailed medical history and take into account how COPD affects your life. If you’re in stage 3 COPD, you’re likely experiencing significant symptoms and changes in your pulmonary health and overall condition.

Determining stage 3 COPD is similar to determining stage 1 and stage 2 COPD. Your doctor may use the GOLD System and the BODE Index to categorize your stage of COPD.

In the GOLD System, stage 3 COPD is categorized as severe COPD with a FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second) between 30 and 50 percent of normal lung capacity.

Stage 3 COPD

During stage 3 COPD, you will likely experience significant lung function impairment. Many patients will experience an increase in COPD flare-ups or exacerbations. For some people, the increase in flare-ups means they could need to be hospitalized at times as well.

Increased breathlessness and more fatigue make it difficult to perform daily tasks, enjoy your favorite activities and to exercise. Simply put, people in stage 3 COPD become exhausted more easily. Because COPD is a progressive disease, it will continue to worsen over time. At this stage of COPD, many people see their doctors regularly.

Stage 3 COPD Treatment Options

Stage 3 COPD: Severe Stage COPD and You

As your COPD progresses, you’ll likely need to have more pulmonary function tests. Your doctor will use your lung function tests to help keep track of how your lungs are doing and how well your COPD treatments are working. Many doctors compare old pulmonary function tests with more recent ones. Your doctor will also keep track of your overall health. While there isn’t a cure for COPD, treatment options are available.

You and your doctor will continue to work together to manage and reduce your COPD symptoms, prevent flare-ups and modify your treatment plan as needed. The COPD treatments you used in stage 1 COPD or stage 2 COPD might need to be changed when you’re in stage 3 COPD.

Your doctor may prescribe medications, such as combination inhalers, short and long-acting bronchodilators, oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation.

In addition to these medications and therapies, your doctor will likely recommend staying up-to-date on your flu and pneumonia vaccines to help prevent COPD flare-ups. People with COPD are at a greater risk for catching possibly life-threatening colds, flus, viruses and infections, so prevention is key.

In the event of a flare-up, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, corticosteroids and even hospitalization. It’s important to see your doctor regularly even if you’re feeling well. However, it’s highly important to report any changes in your lung health, breathing, COPD symptoms or overall health to your doctor immediately.

Stage 3 COPD Lifestyle Modifications

In any stage of COPD, there are lifestyle modifications that can help reduce your COPD flare-up risk, manage your symptoms and even improve your quality of life. One of the most important changes you can make is to quit smoking. In addition to quitting smoking, avoiding your triggers, getting plenty of exercise and eating a healthy diet help people live a more active life.

Alternative therapies also have the potential to improve quality of life. For example, people who had stem cell treatment reported feeling better, doing more of their favorite activities and experienced improvements in lung function. In fact, many patients were able to reduce their oxygen therapy use after treatment.

While medications only work to manage and reduce COPD symptoms, stem cell therapy works to promote healing from within the lungs, potentially improving breathing and quality of life. Stem cell therapy can help people in any stage of COPD, including stage 3 COPD. If you or a loved one has COPD, emphysema, chronic bronchitis or another chronic lung disease and would like to learn more about your options, contact us at (800) 729-3065.


  1. Phoebe

    2 weeks ago

    Hi Kia,

    COPD affects everyone differently and at varying rates of progression. During stage 3 COPD, people often have noticeable symptoms, such as coughing and shortness of breath. These symptoms may make doing everyday activities more difficult. If you’re concerned about the progression of your COPD or if you have any questions, we recommend talking with your doctor. Your doctor knows you and your health situation well, so he or she will be able to best guide you and answer your questions. If you’re interested in learning more about stem cell therapy, feel free to contact us at (855) 313-1149.

    Best Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  2. Kia

    2 weeks ago

    Is stage 3 of copd fatal

  3. Phoebe

    2 weeks ago

    Hi Stella,

    Age isn’t a disqualifying factor for stem cell therapy for COPD. We have treated patients all the way into their eighties and nineties. Currently, Medicare and insurance companies don’t cover treatment. However, we’re hopeful that insurance companies and Medicare will cover treatment in the future. Keep in mind that this may take some time though. We’re happy to answer your questions about stem cell therapy for COPD, so feel free to contact us at (855) 313-1149. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

    Best Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  4. Stella Henry

    2 weeks ago

    At my age of 73 is it worth it for me to even consider stem cell for copd. Or, by doing so will it BENEFIT others in the future. I’m on medicare. Thank you

  5. Phoebe

    1 month ago

    Dear William,

    Thanks for your comment and question. There are currently ongoing clinical studies occurring to further investigate the effectiveness of stem cell therapy for chronic lung diseases. However, these ongoing trials have not yet published their findings. To read more about published clinical studies of stem cell therapy in mice models, click here. We’re happy to answer your questions about stem cell treatment for chronic lung diseases, so feel free to contact us at (855) 313-1149 to speak with our knowledgeable medical team. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

    Best Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  6. Matt

    2 months ago

    Hello Elizabeth,
    Thank you for your question. Please give us a call at (855) 313-1149. That way our staff can get more familiar with your medical situation and determine if you are a candidate for stem cell treatment. Thanks again and have a great day.

  7. Elizabeth

    2 months ago

    Does having the stem cell therapy consist of having to HAVE abg

  8. William Garrison

    2 months ago

    Have there been any clinical studies that show the benefit of stem cell thearapy to copd or other lung diseases?

  9. Pingback: Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disease: Your Complete Guide | Lung Institute

  10. PB

    5 months ago

    Dear Doug,

    Thanks for your comment. Unfortunately, at this time, insurance companies and Medicare don’t cover treatment. However, we’re hopeful that treatment will be covered by insurance companies and Medicare in the near future. Keep in mind that it will take some time before the insurance companies see a financial benefit in their favor and then decide to cover it. We’re happy to answer your questions about stem cell treatment for COPD and other chronic lung diseases, so feel free to contact us at (855) 313-1149 to speak one-on-one with a patient coordinator. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

    Kind Regards,

    The Lung Institute


    5 months ago


  12. PB

    7 months ago

    Dear Paula,

    We’re happy to answer any questions you have regarding stem cell treatments for COPD. Our patient coordinators have a wealth of knowledge about stem cells, treatment options, candidacy and cost, so feel free to contact us at (855) 313-1149 to speak one-on-one with a patient coordinator. In the meantime, feel free to check out our patients’ stories by clicking here. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

    Kind Regards,

    The Lung Institute

  13. Paula Harris

    7 months ago

    Interested in getting more information on stem cell for COPD.

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* All treatments performed at Lung Institute utilize autologous stem cells, meaning those derived from a patient's own body. No fetal or embryonic stem cells are utilized in Lung Institute's procedures. Lung Institute aims to improve patients' quality of life and help them breathe easier through the use of autologous stem cell therapy. To learn more about how stem cells work for lung disease, click here.

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