What are stem cells?
Stem cells are the building blocks of life, and they are essential to every organism. They have the ability to self-renew and replicate, and they can form other types of tissue in the body. Because adult stem cells from one organ can create the tissue for another organ, they have a quality known as plasticity. Adult stem cells can form many types of differentiated cells, so when the patient’s own adult stem cells are returned to the patient, the cells can begin to promote the healing of lung tissue, which could lead to improved lung function.
Adipose Stem Cell Basics
Adipose stem cells consist of stem cells from adipose tissue. Adipose tissue is mainly body fat. This type of loose connective tissue contains white and brown adipocytes (fat cells) that store energy as fat, as well as various other types of cells, including adult mesenchymal stem cells. However, through the technique used to harvest the mesenchymal stem cells, a more complete mixture of stem cells and growth factors are found in bone marrow than adipose tissue.
Bone Marrow Stem Cell Treatment at the Lung Institute
While the Lung Institute does not use adipose stem cells nor does it do the adipose stem cell procedure, there are other options for people with lung disease. The Lung Institute uses adult autologous stem cells, or cells derived from the patient’s own body, found in bone marrow or blood to help promote the healing of lung tissue.
In the bone marrow procedure, an aspiration of bone marrow removes a small amount of bone marrow fluid, which contains a great amount of adult stem cells. The bone marrow procedure is a hybrid treatment that also includes the venous, or blood derived, stem cell treatment. After being harvested, the stem cells are separated and then returned to the patient through an IV.
Venous Stem Cell Treatment at the Lung Institute
In the venous procedure, a small sample of blood is harvested, and then it is separated and returned to the patient through an IV. The venous treatment is purely blood derived. After the cells are returned to the patient, they can begin to promote the healing of lung tissue.
Where can I go to learn more?
The Lung Institute is ready to help you and answer your questions. If you have a chronic lung disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or pulmonary fibrosis, and you are interested in learning more about our available treatment options, please contact one of our patient care coordinators today at (800) 729-3065.