What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are the building blocks of life; they are essential to every living organism. They can self-renew and replicate—with the ability to form any kind of tissue or organ in the body. Adult stem cells from one organ are able to create tissue for another organ; this is called plasticity. This is key to their function as a regenerative medicine.
Why Use Adult Stem Cells?
Adult stem cells can be utilized in any organ in the body since stem cells are able to mimic any possible differentiated cells. Since they are capable of self-renewing indefinitely, they can divide many times and can specialize to promote the healing of organs, such as lungs, while still sustaining the original cell.
What Type of Stem Cells Would Be Used?
While there are many options for the type of stem cell used in the science, the Lung Institute only treats with adult autologous stem cells. This means the stem cells are directly coming from a patient’s own body and are later infused back into the same patient. This decreases the possibility of rejection and eliminates any possible controversy associated with stem cells.
The Lung Institute offers two adult stem cell therapies: bone marrow stem cell therapy and venous (blood-derived) stem cell therapy. Depending on the nature of the patient’s condition and health history, the bone marrow therapy is always performed in conjunction with the venous therapy. On the other hand, the venous therapy can be performed on its own when needed. During these therapies, the adult stem cells go through a specific process to target the damaged tissue.
The Whole Process
The stem cells are extracted from the patient’s body either through bone marrow or blood depending on the case. The stem cells are isolated by a trained professional in a clinical setting. The adult stem cells are quickly returned to the patient either intravenously through the arm or through the use of a nebulizer. Now, the stem cells will begin to promote the healing of lung tissue. With their ability to continually replicate, the lungs grow stronger, and patients are able to breathe easier and live better.