What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells make up every single organism; they are essential to sustaining life on this planet. They are capable of forming any tissue or organ in the body since they are able to continuously replicate and self-renew. What differentiates stem cells from other types of cells is their plasticity, which is the ability for adult stem cells from one organ are able to create tissue for another organ. This is how stem cells can play a key role in regenerative medicine.
Why Use Stem Cells?
Adult stem cells therapy can be used to improve the function of any organ or tissue in the body since adult stem cells are able to become any type of differentiated cell. Since stem cells are able to self-renew repetitively, they can divide indefinitely, and they specialize to promote the healing of organs, such as lungs. This can significantly improve function by creating new tissue and strengthening organs.
What Stem Cells Are Used?
While there are several types of stem cells used in the science, the Lung Institute only treats patients with adult autologous stem cells. This means the stem cells are coming directly from a patient’s body and are later returned to the same patient during treatment. This decreases the potential of rejection and undermines any possible controversy about stem cells.
The Lung Institute offers two possible adult stem cell therapies: bone marrow stem cell therapy and venous (blood-derived) stem cell therapy. Depending on the nature of the patient’s condition and medical history, the bone marrow therapies are always performed in conjunction with the venous therapy. In comparison, the venous therapies can be performed independently based on the patient’s health. During adult stem cells therapy, the adult stem cells go through a specific process to target the damaged tissue or organ.
How Does It Work?
The stem cells are extracted from the patient’s body either through bone marrow or blood depending on the therapy choice. The stem cells are isolated by a trained professional in a medical setting. Soon after, the adult stem cells are returned to the patient either intravenously or with the use of a nebulizer, which allows individuals to breathe in the adult stem cells. At this point, the stem cells begin to promote the healing of lung tissue. With their ability to continually replicate, the lungs grow stronger, and patients are able to breathe easier and live better.